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There are many benefits to putting solar panels on your rooftop. There is the good of the planet, which will appreciate you lessening the burden caused by burning fossil fuels to keep the lights on. You'll appreciate the fact that your electricity bill will be smaller than it used to be — and you might even be able to sell excess solar power back to the grid you once relied on. And then there's your pocketbook, which will look better when you claim some of the tax exemptions that are available to you.
There are a number of solar panel tax redemptions available at both the state and federal level. We'll guide you through what tax breaks are out there and how to take advantage of them.
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The federal government currently offers a tax credit to homeowners and businesses that choose to install solar panels on a property. This is called the solar investment tax credit (ITC), and it allows people to deduct up to 26% of the cost of installing solar panels. (Under the current law, it will drop to 22% in 2023 and go away altogether in 2024.)
The ITC covers the cost of solar panels, labor for the installation process, and additional equipment including wiring, energy storage devices like solar batteries and sales tax paid on purchases in states that do not offer sales tax exemptions.
One of the benefits of the federal ITC is that it covers purchased solar systems, no matter how you finance them. Whether you buy your solar panels outright or choose to finance them with a loan, the ITC is still available to you. It's even available if you are not a homeowner but live in a cooperative housing situation and will be paying for part of the installation. However, the ITC does not apply if you lease solar panels: You must own them to get the tax credit.
To claim the solar investment tax credit, you will need to file IRS Form 5695 as part of your federal tax return. Following each step of the form will help you calculate your total deduction.
Each state offers its own line of exemptions and incentives to encourage people to purchase and install solar panels on their homes. The two most common are property tax exemptions and sales tax exemptions.
The most common state-level solar tax incentive is a property tax exemption. This allows homeowners to exempt the value of their solar energy system from the overall value of their property, which helps to keep their property taxes down. Because solar panels typically add value to a property, installing them would typically increase the amount of property taxes that you would have to pay.
The exact exemption will vary from state to state, but 25 states (plus Washington, DC and Puerto Rico) offer a property tax exemption for homeowners who install a solar system. Your solar system will be automatically excluded from your property value during assessments.
The other commonly available tax incentive for solar system buyers is a sales tax exemption. This helps reduce the cost of purchasing a solar system by exempting the equipment and other parts of the system from the standard sales tax that would otherwise be applied to a retail sale or transaction.
State and local sales and property tax breaks might be available to people getting solar panels.imaginima/Getty Images
The exemption status will depend on each state's laws. Some exempt all parts of a solar system purchase while others will only exclude certain components. There are 25 states that currently offer a sales tax exemption on solar systems. Sales tax exemptions should be applied automatically at the time of purchase.
Solar panels are a great investment in your property, your future and the planet. It's made even better when you can benefit from tax credits at the federal and state level while making this purchase.
To find out what tax exemptions and incentives are available to you, check out DSIRE, the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, a service that tracks all solar incentives across the U.S. and will help you determine what ones are available to you.